Tuesday, October 25, 2011

High-Quality Resample (Downsample/Upsample) Sound File (.wav)

In this occasion let me show how to resample (Downsample/Upsample) sound file such as .wav in high-quality format directly on your Operating System.

The software/program that I used is libsamplerate (SRC). You can download here. Follow the instruction and the "README" text, and install it manually (if you used Unix-based OS, I think it just a simple job:) ). How to use it ? Just choose one of two options below,
sndfile-resample -to  newsamplereate [-c number] inputfile.ext outputfile.ext

sndfile-resample -by  amount [-c number] inputfile.ext outputfile.ext
The optional -c argument allows the converter type to be chosen from the following list :  
  • 0 : Best Sinc Interpolator
  • 1 : Medium Sinc Interpolator (default)
  • 2 : Fastest Sinc Interpolator
  • 3 : ZOH Interpolator
  • 4 : Linear Interpolator

For example, I resampled my input file namely female02_44k.wav which has 44100 Hz of sampling rate to be 8000 Hz with output name is female.wav. So, I use the following command,
sndfile-resample -to 8000 female02_44.wav female.wav
After that, I will get the result as the following,
Resample Result Using libsamplerete
So, what is libsamplerate?

Secret Rabbit Code (aka libsamplerate) is a Sample Rate Converter for audio. One example of where such a thing would be useful is converting audio from the CD sample rate of 44.1kHz to the 48kHz sample rate used by DAT players.  SRC is capable of arbitrary and time varying conversions ; from downsampling by a factor of 256 to upsampling by the same factor. Arbitrary in this case means that the ratio of input and output sample rates can be an irrational number. The conversion ratio can also vary with time for speeding up and slowing down effects.

SRC provides a small set of converters to allow quality to be traded off against computation cost. The current best converter provides a signal-to-noise ratio of 145dB with -3dB passband extending from DC to 96% of the theoretical best bandwidth for a given pair of input and output sample rates.  Since the library has few dependencies beyond that provided by the standard C library, it should compile and work on just about any operating system. It is known to work on Linux, MacOSX, Win32 and Solaris. With some relatively minor hacking it should also be relatively easy to port it to embedded systems and digital signal processors.

In addition, the library comes with a comprehensive test suite which can validate the performance of the library on new platforms.

For more information, you can visit the official page here.
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